Fascism in Hungary
by Matyas Benyik
The fascist movement is usually on the rise in situation of political and economic crises with a specific mandate to train the dissatisfied, rebellious masses docile or even enthusiastic servers of capital. At the same time the dispossessed people and their capitalist owners must be convinced that no one can defend their interests better and more consistently than the fascists. Antagonistic interests are to be harmonised. The program of the fascist movement in this respect resembles to the one of social democracy, but its methods are brutal and primitive.
The basic method of fascism is to combine open terror with social demagogy, which promises material recovery and growth to the masses; the terror rides on the basest instincts in order to tread both the left and the democratic and liberal wings of the bourgeoisie, but if necessary, the proletarian and petty-bourgeois groups of the fascist movement itself as well, if the social fulfillment of promises were asked for accountability. The special task of the terror is a psychological function intertwined with the task of the politics, namely to divert the social anger of the masses from the real responsibles to the most vulnerable elements of the population whom are chosen as scapegoats.