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Popular revolt  in Bulgaria

A document by the Bulgarian Left Party

 

2013-03-05 01 BulgariaThe antitrust protests in Bulgaria started on 5 February in Blagoevgrad and then throughout the country. The protests are against monopolies and the high energy bills for heating and electricity for the months of December 2012 and January 2013.

 

The protesters have the following demands:

 

• Energy Sector

 

1. Nationalization of the electricity companies in the country;

 

2. Elimination of all intermediaries and assumption of their functions by the National Electricity Company;

3. Declassification of all contracts in the energy sector and determination of responsibility of all signatories;

 

4. Distribution of the electricity produced by the nuclear power plant in Kozloduy only on the domestic market for the needs of the citizens and the society;

 

5. Elimination of the obligation of the National electricity company for the purchase of electricity.

 

• Heat:

 

1. Individual contracts with heating companies with the right of termination with one month's notice by the customer;

 

2. Real accounting of the consumed heat.

 

On 10 February 2013, at 1:30 o’clock after midnight, two company cars of EVN in Plovdiv were set on fire in front of the electricity company.

 

On the same day, thousands of people, mobilized by "Facebook", start protests across the country including Sofia, Plovdiv, Varna, Burgas, Ruse, Veliko Tarnovo, Shumen, Blagoevgrad, Sandanski, Silistra, Yambol, Gotse Delchev, Belene, Montana, Dobrich and Kardzhali. A lot of protesters burned their bills for December in front of the electricity distribution companies.

 

On 17 February 2013 the protests cover more than 35 cities and the protesters are more than one hundred thousand. Besides Sofia protests are held in Plovdiv, Varna, Bourgas, Rousse, Veliko Tarnovo, Shumen, Blagoevgrad, Sandanski, Silistra, Yambol, Gotse Delchev, Montana, Dobrich, Smolyan, Dupnitsa, Haskovo, Knezha Stara Zagora, Kubrat, Razgrad, Levski, Pleven, Botevgrad, Samokov, Lovech, Pernik, Petrich and Kyustendil, Vratsa, Vidin, Sliven and Pazardjik.

 

In many cities, the demonstrations grew into civil disobedience. The protesters blocked key highways, intersections and highways, throwing rocks, bottles, eggs, potatoes and tomatoes at the gendarmerie cars and the buildings of the electricity distribution companies, the Ministry of Economy and the Parliament.

 

Trying to stop the protests the Prime Minister Borisov promised to revoke the license of CEZ, to fine the three distribution companies and to decrease the price of electricity by 8% from the 1th March. However, the civil protests continued.

 

The protests on 19 February 2013 led to clashes between the police and the protesters. 25 people were injured and taken to a hospital, 9 of them are in a serious condition. Among them are elderly.

 

After Borisov sacked the Finance Minister Simeon Djankov on Monday (18 February, on Wednesday morning he decided without consultation with other political forces that his government will resign. The Bulgarian Parliament voted the resignation of the government on the 21 February. The early parliamentary elections are expected to be hold in the beginning of May.

 

The protests began against the high electricity prices, but they gradually escalated as protests against the government. The protests express the discontent of the people in Bulgaria, the poorest country in the European Union and their resistance to the policy pursued. The restrictive policy led by the government of GERB is in full accordance with the imposed austerity policy within the European Union. And even though Bulgaria is considered as a “model child” of Europe, the people are getting poorer. The minimum wage in Bulgaria amounted to 310 BGN (= 159 EUR), and the average wage is 877 BGN (=450 EUR). The minimum pension is 145 BGN (=74 EUR). The remuneration for pregnancy and maternity amounted to 240 BGN (= 123 EUR).

 

As a big problem by the protests could be seen the intervention of the extreme right parties Ataka, BNS and VMRO, which are trying to use protests for their political goals and to create a very strong nationalist sentimen, which increases their rating. This might be very dangerous in the future parliamentary elections as people are very disappointed by the policy of the social democrats represented by the BSP and the management of the center-right government of GERB. Many people will probably not vote according to their political beliefs, but as a protest vote, which could imply higher results of the extreme right parties in the next parliament.

 

Attached you could read a resolution of the Bulgarian Left on the current situation.

 

 

Ändern wir das System! (20. Februar 2013):

 

Politische Deklaration der politischen Partei „Die Bulgarische Linke

 

Das Land ist in einer grundsätzlich neuen politischen Situation:

 

  • Die Menschen haben sich zum Aufstand gegen die Monopole erhoben;
  • Die Menschen haben sich zum Aufstand gegen die GERB-Regierung erhoben;
  • Die Menschen verstehen immer mehr, dass das Problem nicht an einer Partei oder an einem Menschen liegt, sondern dass das Problem am System liegt.
  • Heute lautet die Devise: Nein zum Kapitalismus. Nein zu jenen, die das Volk ausgeplündert haben. Nein zu den Parteien des Übergangs;
  • Heute verstehen jene, die Bulgarien ausgeraubt haben und die das Land in Wirklichkeit 23 Jahre regiert haben, dass die Auswirkungen der Unzufriedenheit im Volk unmittelbar auch ihre eigenen Interessen tangieren. Um sich zu retten, werden sie von sich aus die Regierung von Boyko Borisov stürzen. Der Rücktritt des verhassten Dyankov ist nur der Beginn ihrer Rettungsaktion. Und wenn wir sie lassen, werden sie sich einen neuen Helden und Retter finden.

 

Nach Ausrufung einer Linkswende erschien die Bulgarische Sozialistische Partei bereits auf hohem Ross und im Hochzeitsgewand; aber sie hat vergessen, dass keine andere Partei sonst eine rechtere Politik gemacht hat; vergessen auch, dass sie als erste in Bulgarien Gebühren für höhere Bildung eingeführt hat; sie hat vergessen, dass vom Versprechen, das  „Land jenen“ zu geben „die es bearbeiten“, nichts übriggeblieben ist; sie hat vergessen, dass das Gesetz über die umfassende Privatisierung, das mit einer der größten Ausplünderungsaktionen in Bulgarien verbunden war, ihr eigenes war; sie hat die flat tax vergessen und ganz und gar  die Swapgeschäfte mit Grund und Boden. Anstatt sich dafür zu entschuldigen, vermeldet ihr Vorsitzender „Wir werden die Macht übernehmen.“

 

Die zweite Retterin, Frau Kuneva, vergisst, dass es ihre hauptsächliche Aktivität während ihrer Zeit als Mitglied der Europäischen Kommission, während der sie die Konsumenten hätte schützen müssen, der Schutz des business vor den Konsumenten war.

 

Wir dürfen nicht die Möglichkeit ausschließen, dass ein neuer Held und Retter in Erscheinung tritt, wenn wir wieder Glauben in einen solchen fassen sollten, wenn wir wiederum nicht verstehen sollten, dass uns in Wirklichkeit ein und dieselben Menschen regieren, denn die auf der Bühne sind nur Marionetten. Dann werden wir selbst daran schuld sein.

 

Wir von der Partei „Die Bulgarische Linke“ rufen euch daher zu: Lasst uns die Zukunft ändern! Verjagen wir die Parteien des Übergangs! Verjagen wir die falschen Propheten!  Nein zur falschen repräsentativen Demokratie, Ja zu (direkten) Volksdemokratie!

 

Das Linksprojekt ist die Zukunft von Bulgarien, Europas und der Welt!

 

Der Vorstand der Partei „Die Bulgarische Linke“

 

 

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