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25 de mayo: Podemos abrir brechas, Podemos ensancharlas

25 de mayo: Podemos abrir brechas, Podemos ensancharlas

Josep Maria Antentas | Público

Profesor de sociología de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)

podemos-abrir-brechasHan pasado ya casi seis años casi desde el inicio "oficial" de la crisis con la quiebra de Lehman Brothers en septiembre de 2008. Cuatro desde el anuncio del primer gran paquete de recortes en mayo de 2010 por parte de Zapatero. Tres desde el estallido del 15M. Dos desde la gran manifestación independentista en Catalunya el 11S de 2012.

En este tiempo, la crisis económica y social desembocó en una crisis política y de régimen y el malestar con el sistema político y las instituciones alcanzó cotas inauditas desde la Transición. Las elecciones del 25M han marcado la primera traslación electoral, en unos comicios de ámbito estatal, de tres años de discontínuas, pero reales e intensas, luchas sociales. Con una participación similar a la de 2009 (44'9% entonces, 44'84% ahora) está claro que el bipartidismo va desgastándose a marchas forzadas. En 2009 el PP obtuvo 6.670.377 votos (42'12%) y 24 escaños y el PSOE 6.141.784 (38'78%) y 23 escaños. Es decir, entre ambos sumaron 12.812.161 votos (80'9%) y 47 diputados. Ahora, el panorama es muy distinto: 4.070.643 (26'06%) y 16 escaños para el PP y 3.593.300 (23%) y 14 diputados para el PSOE. Conjuntamente, suman 7.663.943 votos (49'06%) y 30 escaños, un 60% de lo que obtuvieron en 2009. Se acabó aquello de irse turnando en el poder. Cuando uno gobernaba se desgastaba, mientras el otro se recuperaba en la oposición. Ahora, ambos, PP y PSOE, ya sea en el gobierno ya sea en la oposción, van cuesta abajo.

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Podemos: cortafuegos, potencia y desafío

Podemos: cortafuegos, potencia y desafío

 Lunes 26 de mayo de 2014, por Mar

Estación Sur @gonzaire

cortafuegos-ptencia-y-desafioLa diferencia entre el Frente Nacional y Podemos es el 15M. Y, por extensión, entre el ascenso de la barbarie xenófoba en casi toda Europa y la excepción parcial que afortunadamente tenemos por estos lares. "Parcial" porque el PP no tiene mucho que envidiarle al populismo xenófobo, machista, nacionalista y meapilas de la nueva derecha extrema ascendente europea. Pero excepción más que bienvenida, al fin y al cabo.

Descontada la abstención, el gran perdedor de la noche, el PSOE, ve cómo le chorrean los votos por su costado izquierdo: IU y Podemos suben tanto como caen los de Ferraz. En el resto de Europa este chorreo ha tomado sin embargo la otra ladera: la desafección por la socialdemocracia convertida al social-liberalismo es la levadura de los nuevos populismos de derechas y del abstencionismo creciente. Sin el cortafuegos de Podemos esto no hubiese pasado. Y sin el 15M, Podemos no hubiese pasado. Pero ya se sabe: "el 15M ha muerto y no sirvió para nada". Zas en toda la boca con la mano abierta, por listos.

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Podemos: Reflexiones del día después

Podemos: Reflexiones del día después


Lunes 26 de mayo de 2014

Jesús Jaén

reflexiones-del-dia-despuesLa larga onda del 15M ha entrado en su ciclo político. Hasta ahora las grandes sacudidas de la indignación habían sido esencialmente sociales: las calles, las Mareas o las grandes marchas por la Dignidad. Después de la jornada de ayer se puede afirmar con rotundidad que la indignación se ha empezado a transformar en respuesta política. La aparición de Podemos con 1.250.000 votos y la crisis de los dos partidos del sistema son los grandes hechos de las elecciones del 25 de Mayo.

Para los que iniciamos este proyecto es una alegría inmensa. Pero lo es doblemente porque el reto electoral era una asignatura pendiente. Podemos ha podido. Y lo ha hecho tanto por los valores y capacidades de sus candidat@s, como por una situación de emergencia social que se ha trasladado de las calles a las urnas. Creo que la gente ha percibido dos necesidades básicas: la primera, que era la hora de cambiar, y la segunda, que se necesitan unas nuevas formas de hacer política.

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New strike wave hits China – “Among the main causes of these actions are low wages and factory closures and relocations”

New strike wave hits China – “Among the main causes of these actions are low wages and factory closures and relocations”

BOYLE Peter, LIN Kevin

2014-05-25 01 China-Workers protestGreen Left Weekly’s Peter Boyle spoke to Kevin Lin, who is doing research for his PhD at the University of Technology Sydney on the labour movement in China, about the background to a new wave of strikes in the country.

Peter Boyle – There seems to be a new labour upsurge in China. What can you tell us about the recent strikes and their causes?

Kevin Lin – Tracking strikes in China is difficult because of censorship, but there does appear to be an upsurge in strikes in recent months based on reports collected by labour groups.

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Three years of indignation in the Spanish State

Three years of indignation in the Spanish State

PASTOR Jaime

Jaime PastorAs we celebrate the third anniversary of 15M in different forums of reflection it has been possible to remember the events that gave rise to a new cycle of protests and with them to an "expansion of the field of the possible", recreating a broad and plural public space for political action other than the institutional sort. Thus was generated a broad relation of initiatives, arising in an increasing symbiosis between social networks, the plazas and the streets of so many places, with greater or lesser fortune, but all of them bringing to light the fact that something was changing in the landscape and the political climate, in contrast to the Newspeak of a regime bent on continuing installing in the minds of people the culture of cynicism, fear and resignation.

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General Election in India : Narendra Modi and the BJP bludgeoned their way to election victory

General Election in India : Narendra Modi and the BJP bludgeoned their way to election victory

GHOSH Jayati

India-ModiNarendra Modi and the BJP bludgeoned their way to election victory The sheer aggression of the BJP campaign, the threats to the Election Commission – Modi made sure India felt his presence.

This general election in India was almost a test case : just as advertising can make people want a particular brand of soft drink or breakfast cereal, can a massively funded and aggressive media campaign make people choose a particular leader ? The answer, sadly, seems to be yes.

It is hard to speak of « one » Indian electorate – there is so much variation across each state – but both local and national issues have always been significant. The BJP's campaign this time was different, seeking to present one man as the national leader and creating an unprecedented media blitz around him for nearly a year, so that voters simply got used to the idea and even started believing the hype, through sheer repetition of the images and slogans.

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A summary of the report "Profiting from crisis"

A summary of the report "Profiting from crisis"

International arbitrage and investor privileges in Greece and Spain

  by Giulia Simula

Profit from CrisisWhat do international arbitration institutions have in common with Domino’s Pizza, public transport operators, pawnbrokers, discount supermarkets, property auctioneers, and opposition politicians? Answer: all have profited from the global economic downturn. |1| In their report titled: “Profiting from injustice: how law firms arbitrators and financiers are fuelling an investment arbitration boom |2|, CEO (Corporate European Observatory) and TNI (Transnational Institute) have already denounced how corporations take advantage of investor rights in trade and investment agreements to sue governments for million of euros of compensation

If governments take policies of environmental or social protection and these happen to interfere with the profit of multinational corporations, these have the right to bring a government before an international tribunal to demand compensation, for expected revenue that did not materialise. In the current report, the two examples of Greece and Spain illustrate how banks and corporations are profiting from the current crisis through the lucrative practice of international arbitrage |3|.

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The Ukrainian Left and Maidan

The Ukrainian Left and Maidan

 

Interview with Ukrainian socialist Denis Pilas.

UkraineAround 150 people gathered in Kiev recently to attend a conference organised by Ukrainian organisations including the Left Opposition, with support from the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation.

The conference, entitled ‘The Left and Maidan’, discussed perspectives for the left in Ukraine. There were visitors from Russia, France, Germany, Poland and Belarus, including left members of the German Bundestag and the Russian Duma.[1]

Ben Neal spoke to Denis Pilas, one of the organisers of the event.

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University of Michigan researchers: Income inequality has been rising rapidly in China and now surpasses that of the U.S. by a large margin

University of Michigan researchers: Income inequality has been rising rapidly in China and now surpasses that of the U.S. by a large margin

SWANBROW Diane

China strikeANN ARBOR—Income inequality has been rising rapidly in China and now surpasses that of the U.S. by a large margin, University of Michigan researchers say.

That is the key finding of their study based on newly available survey data collected by several Chinese universities.

“Income inequality in today’s China is among the highest in the world, especially in comparison to countries with comparable or higher standards of living,” said Yu Xie, a U-M sociologist.

Xie, a researcher with the U-M Institute for Social Research, is co-author with U-M graduate student Xiang Zhou of an article published online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The researchers based their main analyses on data from the China Family Panel Studies, a large-scale survey project conducted by Peking University’s Institute of Social Science Survey. The project represents about 95 percent of the Chinese population in 25 provinces in mainland China. The work was started in 2010 in collaboration with U-M’s ISR (a formal partnership between the two institutes was established in 2005, with an emphasis on quantitative social science methods).

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PCF : avec ou sans le Front de gauche? – L’espérance de vie dudit Front serait-elle courte?

PCF : avec ou sans le Front de gauche? – L’espérance de vie dudit Front serait-elle courte?

MARTELLI Roger*

martelliÀ une poignée de semaines des élections européennes, L’Humanité publie une double page de points de vue sur le Front de gauche [1]. Si l’on se fie à ces propos, l’espérance de vie dudit Front est bien courte.

Le premier texte (« Pour une bataille efficace du PCF ») est signé par le noyau des économistes du PCF et par Nicolas Marchand. Ces responsables ont toujours affirmé leur méfiance à l’égard de l’alliance avec Jean-Luc Mélenchon et considéré que la question de la place primordiale du PCF est la seule qui vaille considération. Leur point de vue peut être résumé en un syllogisme : la construction d’une perspective bien à gauche suppose que l’on ne soit pas seulement « contre » (l’état des choses existant) mais « pour » (un état alternatif) ; or Mélenchon (et le Front de gauche avec lui) est uniquement contre ; donc le rassemblement ne peut être efficace que s’il a en son centre le PCF qui est le seul à être franchement pour.

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Alternatives to reverse the crisis in Europe

Alternatives to reverse the crisis in Europe

 by Eric Toussaint

Alternatives to reverse the crisis in EuropeThis text proposes a series of concrete alternatives to counter the current crisis shaking Europe. It presents nineteen immediate measures that should be taken vis-à-vis finance in general and the banking sector in particular. In addition to these measures, it proposes to socialise the banking and insurance sectors, and to place them under citizen control. It then examines ten measures to be taken to reverse the crisis in a way that will be favourable to the vast majority of people. 1. Stopping austerity plans; 2. Repudiating all illegitimate, unsustainable, odious, and illegal public debt; 3. Cancelling all illegitimate and illegal private debt; 4. Increasing the resources of public authorities; 5. Decreasing inequalities by establishing fiscal justice; 6. Setting up legitimate government borrowing; 7. Developing and extending public services; 8. Strengthening the pension system based on intergenerational solidarity; 9. Radically decreasing working hours to guarantee jobs for everyone, and adopting an income policy that will bring about social justice; 10. Questioning the basis of the euro and taking action to build a different Europe, which would mean replacing the current treaties based on a true democratic process involving all the peoples of Europe. These are the propositions the CADTM is putting forward for discussion and debate.

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April 25, 1974 - Forty years after the portuguese Carnation Revolution

April 25, 1974 - Forty years after the portuguese Carnation Revolution

COSTA Jorge Duarte

Portugal-25 de AbrilOn the eve of April 25, Portuguese society was smouldering from contradictions accumulated in half a century of dictatorship. At the heart of these contradictions was a war that lasted thirteen years, to hold on to the African colonies of Angola, Mozambique, Guinea, Cape Verde and Sao Tome and Principe. This conflict conditioned the whole of national life, because of the social suffering caused by the mobilization of two hundred thousand men, a tenth of the working population (a human cost equivalent to twice that of Vietnam), because of the wave of migration driven by hunger and the war, and because of the impossibility of a military solution, the only one contemplated by the regime.

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Inde : l’élection de tous les dangers

Inde : l’élection de tous les dangers

ROUSSET Pierre

Rousset PierreLe scrutin législatif en cours revêt une importance toute particulière pour l’Inde, le favori des sondages promouvant un nationalisme agressif d’extrême droite, racial et religieux.

L’organisation d’élections générales en Inde mobilise une logistique gigantesque : 814 millions d’électrices et d’électeurs sont appelés aux urnes ; initié le 7 avril, le scrutin législatif se poursuivra ainsi pendant 37 jours. Rares sont les partis implantés dans l’ensemble du pays et les formations régionales fleurissent, si bien qu’une majorité gouvernementale exige la constitution d’alliances à géométrie variable. Dans ces conditions, les journalistes se gardent de prédictions aléatoires. Mais quelques lignes de force apparaissent, fort inquiétantes.

Le Parti du Congrès, héritier de l’Indépendance en 1947, revenu au pouvoir en 2004 après une éclipse, se trouve aujourd’hui discrédité. Rejeton de la dynastie familiale à la tête de cette formation, Rahul Gandhi, 43 ans, n’a pas l’envergure nécessaire pour redresser la situation. Cela semble la seule certitude.

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Notes on the French situation after the local elections and the 12th April demonstration

Notes on the French situation after the local elections and the 12th April demonstration

SABADO François

Sabado1) The last municipal elections represent a new worsening of the political balance of forces for the left and the labour movement. 150 cities of more than 10,000 inhabitants swung from SP or CP-led to the right or far right.
Of course, after years of social-liberalism where the SP took its distance from the labour movement, a defeat of the SP at the polls no longer automatically indicates a defeat of the workers’ movement.
These workers, who do not feel represented by the parliamentary left any more, do not feel the bankruptcy of the Socialists to be theirs, fortunately. They even abstained massively (between 50 and 60 % of the registered voters in the popular suburbs or regions).

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